The meeting point of Asia and Europe: Strait Bridges
There is no doubt that the Bosphorus is the most valuable gift awarded to this city by God. The pearl neckband of the Bosphorus flowing between Asia and Europe is undoubtedly the strait bridges.
The Bosphorus Bridge
Considered as the “Strait’s pearl” and ensuring the highway transportation between the Asian and European continents, the Bosphorus Bridge stands among the unforgettable landmarks of Istanbul’s silhouette.
Embracing the Asian and European continents, the Bosphorus Bridge occupies a very remarkable place in Turkey’s transportation network as the first fixed linkage between the two continents. Having one of its pedestals in Beylerbeyi and the other in Ortaköy, the Bridge has a total length of 1,560m, middle span of 1.074m, width of 33.40m and altitude of 64m.
The foundation of the bridge that was officially opened by the President Fahri Korutürk on October 30, 1973 was laid in a ceremony honored by the Prime Minister of that period, in 1970, Süleyman Demirel, and the President, Cevdet Sunay. The bridge, whose foundations were laid by German and English companies, became the first highway joining the two sides of the city.
Called as the “pearl of the Bosphorus”, the bridge brings a distinctive beauty in the city’s silhouette as well as its great contribution to the transportation. The view of the bridge that is illuminated at nights is marvelous especially when looked from places located along the Bosphorus line. While crossing the bridge, the Istanbul’s view is so delightful that one cannot get enough of it…
The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge
Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, publicly known as “the Second Bosphorus Bridge”, is the second connection between Asia and Europe.
The Fatih Sultan Bridge, also known as the Second Bridge, is a bridge spanning the Bosporus strait. The bridge is situated between Hisarüstü (European side) and Kavacık (Asian side). It is located at slightly north when compared to the Bosphorus Bridge.
Constructed in such a short period of 2.5 years, the bridge was officially opened by the Prime Minister of the period, Mr. Turgut Özal. The bridge whose construction totally cost 130 million dollars was undertaken by a consortium of Turkish, Japanese and Italian companies.
Taking its name from the reputable Ottoman Emperor conquering Istanbul, Fatih Sultan Mehmed, the bridge was completed on May 29, 1988, the date of Istanbul’s conquer and officially put into service on the 3rd of July of the same year.
The bridge is publicly known as “the Second Bosphorus Bridge”
Recently Istanbul has a new bridge, called Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge which is finished in 2017, but caused serious environment problems, damaging the north forests of Istanbul.