The Republic of Turkey is a peninsula that generally has a mild climate except for its far eastern and south eastern parts. For this reason, the academic calendars of universities are divided into two terms that stretch over autumn, winter, and spring. The academic year usually starts in the middle of September with the autumn term, and it continues for 14 weeks. The three and a half months of lecturing include midterms and quizzes as well. The national holidays may be on the same day as lectures, and it is up to the lecturers to have make-up courses before the end of the semester. The term ends with the 14th week, and the finals pursue the lectures.