Skin Protection from Sun Damage

One of the most common health problems in summer and especially in holiday places is sunburn. If you think your skin is sensitive to the sun, you should definitely take precautions to protect your skin against the sun during your vacation. Harmful effects of the sun are sun allergies, sun burns, sunspots, skin cancers that occur in advanced ages due to the sun. You can get information from to avoid the harmful rays of the sun.

What is Sunburn?

Sunburn is a skin disease that occurs when the skin is exposed to intense sunlight. People with light skin and children are at risk for burns and are more susceptible to sunburn. When sunburn occurs, it can cause dangerous effects and threaten life. For this reason, light skinned people, and especially children, should definitely wear protective accessories such as hats and sunglasses when going out in the sun and should not forget to apply sunscreen.

Causes of Sunburn


The cause of sunburn is that the skin is exposed to too much ultraviolet rays. Ultraviolet rays produce 3 different beams. These are UVA, UVB and UVC rays. UVA rays are less effective than UVB rays, but can affect the lower layers of the skin. It damages tissue that gives elasticity to the skin. UVB radiation affects the upper part of the skin called the epidermis. Redness and pain occur with excessive UVB radiation on the skin surface.

UVC rays are safe rays compared to others. Since it is filtered by atmosphere, there is no need for an extra protection mechanism. Factors affecting sunburn can be considered as skin type, duration and intensity of light, seaside and high altitude places, and light reflection. Excessive exposures to sunlight and sunburn from childhood increase the risk of skin cancer in later life.

How to Avoid Sun’s Harmful Rays

First measure that can be taken to protect from the sun is not to go out during sunny hours. It is recommended not to go outside between 11.00 and 16.00 when the sun rays are perpendicular to the earth. If it is necessary, clothes that will prevent contact with the sun’s rays as much as possible should be preferred.

There are many different types of sunscreens sold in pharmacies and cosmetic stores. Since they are continuously and intensely applied to the body, the ingredients they contain are important. Sunscreens are divided into 2 groups containing physical and chemical filters. Physical filter sunscreens protect the skin by reflecting sunlight. Chemical sunscreens protect the skin by absorbing the sun’s rays. The Spf protection of the sunscreen should be above 50 factor.


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