The Geography of Istanbul
Istanbul is among the most special cities in the world with its position as a bridge between Europe and Asia.
To the south of Istanbul lays the Marmara Sea, and to its north the Black Sea. The Western part of the city is in Europe, and the Eastern is in Asia. The vital watercourse that divides Istanbul is the Bosphorus. As a seaport, it is both the closest Asian city to Europe and the closest European city to Asia. Istanbul’s importance rests on its strategic importance in a commercial sense. Positioned between 280 01’ and 290 55’ eastern longitudes and 410 33’ and 400 28’ latitudes, Istanbul is among the best cities of the world, functioning as a bridge between Europe and Asia. This geographical location gives characteristics of East and West to the city at the same time.