Old Istanbul is situated on a peninsula formed between the Marble Sea and the Golden Horn. At its wide confluence with the Bosphorus and the Marble Sea, the Golden Horn has a deep natural harbor.
What is Golden Horn Istanbul?
The Golden Horn is the sleeve that separates the old part of Istanbul from its modern part. The Golden Horn, also known by its modern Turkish name, Halich, is the city's main waterway and is the Bosporus' primary entrance to Istanbul.
Where is Golden Horn?
As a natural estuary that connects to the Bosphorus Strait at the point where the Strait meets the Marble Sea, the waters of the Golden Horn help define the northern boundary of the peninsula that makes up "Old Istanbul" (ancient Byzantium and Constantinople). This estuarine entrance geographically separates the historic center of Istanbul from the rest of the city and forms a sheltered horn-shaped harbor that has protected thousands of Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and other naval merchant ships throughout history.
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The Golden Horn is the confluence of the rivers Alibeyköy and Kathıthane, formed when the waters of the Bosphorus flooded their common trough in prehistoric times. It has always been the main port of Istanbul, it can even be argued that Istanbul would never have existed in such a glorious way had it not been for this well-sheltered. In the 18th century, the banks of the Horn and the rivers forming it, decorated with palaces and castles, which were surrounded by large tulip gardens, served as entertainment for the Ottoman high society. Archaeological records show a significant urban presence in and around the Golden Horn dating from at least the 7th century BC, with smaller settlements dating as far as 6700 BC, as evidenced by recent discoveries of ancient merchant ships' ports, warehouses and fleets excavated during construction work. Yenikapı subway station and the Marmaray tunnel project. The ancient Greeks originally settled on this peninsula, establishing a colony and raising the city of Byzantium, which would later become Constantinople, and finally Istanbul. Constantinople Golden Horn
was the harbor of the city until the end of the XIXth century. After the fall of Constantinople, Greek citizens and other Orthodox Christians, Jews, Italian merchants, and other non-Muslim populations began to settle and live along the Golden Horn, in the Fener and Balat neighborhoods. The first bridge over the Golden Horn, the Galata Bridge, was erected in 1836, thus linking Old Istanbul with Galata, the fourth on the opposite side of the Horn.
It represented the natural harbor of the Byzantine capital, whose entrance during the attack on the city was enclosed by a large metal chain that prevented the entry of ships into it and protected the city from attack from that side. Golden Horn 7.5 kilometers long and at its widest part separates the two mainlands at a distance of 750 meters. It reaches the highest depth just at the point of Bosphorus, 35 meters.
The Historic Bay Separating the European and Asian Parts of Istanbul
Today, with the development of the city, it has lost its importance as a large port, but therefore plays an important role in the city's transport by water, as well as a specific tourist attraction represented by the old Galata Bridge with its restaurants. Today, both coasts are home to residential areas, while only the coast has been transformed into landscaped quays where, among other things, the so-called. Bulgarian St. Stephen's Iron Church, and industrial waste is no longer discharged into the waters of the bay. In addition to the Galata Bridge located at the entrance to the bay, the Golden Horn is bridged in two other places by the Ataturk and Halich Bridge. It is interesting to mention that in 1502 Leonardo da Vinci created the conceptual design of a bridge over it without columns, however, his idea was never put into practice, but served as a preliminary design for the construction of a slightly smaller bridge in Norway. There are two Golden Horn bridges in Istanbul. The Golden Horn Metro Bridge
is a steel cable-stayed bridge along the M2 line of the Istanbul Metro, which runs through the Golden Horn in Istanbul. It connects the Beyoglu and Fatih districts on the European side of Istanbul, and is located between the Galata Bridge and the Ataturk Bridge, about 200 m east of the latter, it is the fourth bridge over the Golden Horn and began operation in February. The bridge provides a direct connection between the Haciosman metro station in Sarıyer district, with the Yenikapı transport hub in Fatih district. The second Golden Horn Bridge is about 3 km to the north, connecting the Ayvansaray district in the southwest and Halicioglu in the northwest. From Galata Tower to Golden
Horn you can go over said bridges. Also there is a Golden Horn boat tour
. You can join a boat trip where you will see the Golden Horn as well as the Bosphorus. During the 2 hours you will travel the river that separates Asia and Europe, passing various prominent routes. In Golden Horn Bosphorus
tours you will see the most spectacular sights along the coasts of the Bosphorus, including the Dolmabahce Palace, the Ciragan Palace, the Maiden Tower, the Bosphorus Bridges, the fortresses of Rumeli and Anadolu and the Ottoman residences. Also you can take and enjoy the Istanbul Classics - Old City Tour
You will enjoy cruising Bosphorus Cruise & Sightseeing Golden Horn tour
and the beautiful long shores will give you the opportunity to experience the splendor and splendor of Istanbul. It is a special pleasure to sail here in the spring, because then the tree of Judah, a symbol of Ottoman Istanbul, blooms. It is named after a famous Bible episode, and according to agronomists, it is one of the oldest tree species in the world. The purple and purple colors of its flowers, which cover parks, streets, cemeteries and promenades along the coast, will rarely be forgotten. Pierre Loti Café is a point you should definitely head to if you want to see the magnificent view of the Golden Horn. Here, Loti, a French Orientalist, spent his time staring at the waters of the Golden Horn and indeed, there is no better view than the one provided from here.
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