Istanbul’s history


Istanbul, the city which a lot of people fell in love with, whether poets, novelists, leaders, politicians, or tourists. The city that you see now was the main city and capital of three most powerful empires in the world Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, and Otooman Empire. The city actually has been through alot of changes in everything throughout the years. What you see nowadays of technology and modernity did not exist 2000 years ago

Thousands of years ago, Istanbul city was all green hills and plains surrounded by clean water and small houses,and the people of the city lived a calm happy life.



First of all, you should know that Istanbul city is considered a very important city in the world because of its important location that connects Europe with Asia and sits right on the world’s most famous trade route, the Silk Road. Thus, this city has been an attractive city for a lot of powerful empires or governments throughout history.


Most probably and as historians and experts say, Istanbul city was inhabited by people early as 2800 to 3000 BC until the 7th century when a Greek colonist led by the  famous Greek leader Byzas established the colony of Byzantium after consulting the Oracle about a city to be ruled under the power of Byzas, the oracle said “ follow the area behind the blindness”. Later on, the Greek army had found what is now called Istanbul city and took over it. At that time, the city of Istanbul was given the name of Bosphorus. Byzas worked hard and had done his best to establish a civilized city where people can happily live and contribute in building a civilized society. Many buildings and infrastructures were built to serve the Greek people and what was called Bosphorus city was one of the world most beautiful cities.



Nearly by 100 BC, the Roman army was able to take over the city and made it officially a part of the Roman Empire, and in 306 AD the Roman Emperor the great Justenian made Bosphorus city the main capital of the Roman Empire and decided to change its name to Constantinople. Stories tell that Justinian the great was in love with the city and believed in its important location in terms of trade or natural resources. Thus, he worked hard to create a virtuous and perfect city for everyone by improving the infrastructures to help people using the city’s natural resources efficiently and you can actually tell that when visiting the famous great Hagia Sophia museum which is famous for the sophisticated architecture, knowing that it was once the largest cathedral in the world, or the Basilica Cistern that is stands still as a proof of what great work justinian the great had done to serve the city, this cistern was built underground in the heart of the city as the largest and main source of water, it has the ability to hold up to 80 thousands cubic meters of water so you can imagine how helpful it was for people living in the city.


The Roman Empire lived many year as it is known but in 1435, and after Constantinople was weakened by many attacks of the Ottomans who were led by the famous leader Mehmet the Conqueror, the Ottomans were able to take over the city and had beaten what was known as Roman Empire to Establish the great Ottoman Empire that continued for more than 600 years. Constantinople had gone through a lot of improvements during the period of Ottoman empire and more civilized buildings and infrastructure were built in the city. For example, the Blue Mosque and its complicated architecture, the topkapi palace that served thousands of people with its large complex, in addition to the education that went though serious upgrades and improvements.


After the Independence war, and specifically in 1923 the Turkish Republic was officially founded by the father of all Turks, the great leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk who gave all of what he had to serve the country and established the foundations and roots of what you can see now in Istanbul city or Turkey. During Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s period, the city of Istanbul gained even more importance in the world especially in terms of international trade.



The current Istanbul was never created out of sun, it is a result of hard work of many leaders of empires throughout the years and all of the ancient monuments are proof of their work.

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